Herbal Garden

Herbal Garden

Keeping in view of the importance of medicinal and aromatic plants in healthcare system, as well as for making the students familiarize with the herbal plants, Nirmala college of pharmacy nurtures about 52 herbs which includes 29 dicot plants, 23 herbs, 17 shrubs, 11 monocot plants, 5 trees, 4 magnoliopsida, 3 climbers and 1 grass.

The students are benefitted of this garden by  identifying the rare species and to understand the morphological characters of medicinal plants.

THE LIST OF PLANTS IN HERBAL GARDEN

 

 MONOCOT HERBS

 

 

 

SL NO.

BIOLOGICAL SOURCE

VERNACULAR NAME

FAMILY

USES

1

Aloe vera L

gheekumari,kattarvazha,aloe

Lilliaceae

headache, burns, blackheads,wart

2

Coleus aromaticus

Panikoorka,Indian borage

 Lamiaceae

coughs, sore throats ,infections

3

Cymbopogon flexuosus

Inchipullu,Gandhatrina.

poaceae

Antifungal,antimicrobial action.

4

Cyperus  rotendus

Nut grass,Kavimuttan,

muthanga

cyperaceae

Dysentry.weakness and giddiness

5

 Curcuma longa

 haldi,manjal,Turmeric

Zingiberaceae

Spice,.antiseptic,anti-inflammatory

6

Asparagus racemosus

Shakakul,Shatavari,Asparagus

Asparagaceae(liliaceae)

Urinary stones and dysurea

7

Cheilocostus speciosus

Keukand,Narum canna

Zingiberaceae

Fever, skin diseases and inflammation.

 

 

MONOCOT SHRUBS

 

 

8

Aerva lanata

orakhbuti,Cherula

Amaranthaceae

for eye problems

 

MONOCOT GRASS

 

 

9

Vetiveria zizanioides

Khaskhas grass,ramaccham 

Poaceae

ringworm treatment and loss of appetite.

 

DICOT HERBS

 

 

10

Centella asiatica

 Kudangal,vallaarai

Apiaceae

fatigue, anxiety, depression

11

Oxalis corniculata linn

Seh-patti, Poliyarala,Indian sorrel

Oxalidaceae

Influenza,fever,sprains,diarrhea,UTI

12

Piper logum

capala,long peppar,Pippal

Piperacea

treat stomachache, heartburn

13

Phyllanthus niruri

Jangiliamli,Keezharnelli

Euphorbiaceae

Genito urinary system, liver, Kidney

14

Boerhavia diffusa

Punarnava,Thazhuthama

Nyctaginaceae

Anthelmintic,purgative, diuretic

15

Biophytum sensitivum

Better stud,Mukkuti,Lajalu

Oxalidaceae

 inflammation, arthritis, wounds, tumors .

16

Emilia sonchifolia

Tassel flower,Muyalchevian

Compositae

Sorethroat,diarrhea,eczema,antidote

17

Boerhavia diffusa

Spreading Hogweed,tazhuthama

Nyctaginaceae

 anti-diabetic and diuretic

18

Datura metel

velutha ummam ,Dhutra

Solanaceae

antiasthmatic, antispasmodic, hypnotic

19

Clitoria ternatea

Sangu pushpam,Butterfly pea

Fabaceae

antidepressant, antistress,anxiolytic

20

Naregamiaalata

Nilanarakam,Goanese ipecac

 Meliaceae

antipyretic,emetic,anti asthmatic

21

Emilia sonchifolia

muyalcheviyan,chuvarmullangi,

Asteraceae

Eaten raw/cooked,for fermenting cake

22

Plumbago zeylanica

Ceylon leadwort,chatawar

Plumbaginaceae

Skin problems,carminative, anti aging

23

Azadirachta indica

ninb,neem,aryaveppu,arulupati

Meliaceae

Anthelmintic, antifungal, antidiabetic,

24

Syzygium aromaticum

grampu,clove pink ,kiraambu

Myrtaceae

Mosquito repellent,Dental plaque

25

Piper longum

long pepper,Tippaliveru

Piperacea

asthma, cough,aphrodsiac

26

Vernonia cinerea

Sahadevi,Purple fleabane

Compositae

febrifuge, diaphoretic

 

DICOT SHRUBS

 

 

27

Ixora coccinea

chetti,jungle geranium,rugmini

Rubiaceae

anti inflammatory, antimicrobial

28

Desmodium gangeticum

Sarivan,Pullati,

Leguminosae

sedative,fever,inflammation control

29

Adhatodavasaca

Adosa,Adalodakam

Acanthaceae

Expectorant ,Dysentery, Skin Diseases

30

Tabernaemontana divaricata

kuttampala,karuduppalai,  

Apocynaceae

Eye disease,Ascaris and cancer

31

Citrus limonis

Lemon,Cherunarakam

Rutaceae

spice,in cooking,antioxidant

32

Lawsonia inermi

Mehendi,Camphire, Mailanchi

lythraceae

to dye ,skin and hair and finger nails

33

Vernonia cineria

Poovamkurunthala,Purple fleabane

Asteraceae

Anti diabetes, analgesic

34

Leucus aspera

thumba,gooma,Dumpai

Lamiaceae

fragnance to food.

35

Pseudarthriadesmodium

cirupullati,orila,dhruva

Fabaceae

insectpests and allelopathic

36

Bauhinia purpurea

tapak,kota

Fabaceae

analgesic, nutritive,antibacterial

37

Ocimum kilimandscharium

camphor basil,karppurattulasi

Labiatae

mosquito repellant

38

Calotropis Gigantea

Madara,Pellerukku,Madar

Asclepiadaceae

cough, cold and constipation.

39

Plumbago rosea

cekkikotiveri,scarlet leadwort

Plumbaginaceae

antiseptic , antipyretic, antibacterial

 

DICOT TREE

 

 

 

40

Murraya koenigii 

Kariveppilei,Curry leaves

Rutaceae

anti-periodic, antiemetics, blood purifier

41

Myristica fragrans

Nutmeg,Jatikkai,Jaiphal,Jatikkai

Myristeaceae

anti-inflammatory, diuretic, lactagogue

42

Cinnamomum cassia

Chinese cinnamon ,karuvappatta

Lauraceae

carminative, mild astringent, stomachic

43

Strychnos nux-vomica

canjiram,nux vomica,amati

loganiaceae

 atonic dyspepsia

44

cassia fistula

conna,golden shower,acarati

Fabaceae

constipation,laxative

 

DICOT CLIMBER

 

 

45

Hemidesmus indicus

Naruneendi,Nannari, Kapuri

Asclepeae

diuretic and emetic, anti-inflammatory

46

Piper nigrum

Black pepper,kurumu lagu,Milagu

Piper nigrum L.

Aromatic,stimulant ,dyspepsia

47

Cissus quadrangularis

veld grape ,hadjora, changalamparanda

Vitaceae

to heal broken bones

 

MAGNOLIOPSIDA HERB

 

 

48

Justicia paniculata

kirayat,nilavepp,Green chirayta

Acanthaceae

 immunostimulant in HIV and UTI

49

Indigofera tinctoria

Neela,Lita, Indigo,Neelamari

Fabaceae

febrifuge, anticephalalgic, antitumour,

50

Achyranthus aspera

Kadaladi,Apang,Chaff flower

Amaranthaceae

treat depression and forms of anxiety.

51

Asparagus racemosus

Shakakul,Shatavari,Asparagus

 Asparagaceae

urinary stones and dysurea